PURPOSE OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS AND THE CATEGORY «INTEREST»

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of problematic aspects of the tasks and purpose of criminal
proceedings. The study substantiated that the task of combating crime does not correspond to the purpose of criminal proceedings of a new protective type, designed to protect the rights and interests violated during the criminal law conflict. Based on the analysis of the norms of Article 6 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, conclusions are drawn up on the need to reflect in it the restoration approach, a new edition is proposed. In formulating conclusions, the practical significance of the results obtained is substantiated: law enforcement officers understand the targets of their activities and the criminal process as a systemic phenomenon will help to choose the appropriate procedural form for resolving a criminal law conflict and reduce not only material costs, but also punitive impact. The paper substantiates the conclusion that the category of “interest” lies at the basis of criminal procedure, and its implementation is possible with the help of appropriate procedural means. Attention is paid to the low confidence in the work of the system and the subsystems of the criminal process, as a result of which non-traditional methods, such as a polygraph, have been used in proof. The conclusion is formulated about the impossibility of using the results of the use of polygraph in proof in connection with the fact that this contradicts the freedom to evaluate evidence by the subject of proof.

About the authors

I. P. Popova

Department of Criminal Procedure, East-Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation

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