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In the article on the example of sociological approach by М.Weber rationality is viewed as a characteristic of a certain type of purposeful activity in which formation of aims and formation of ways of achieving them is subjected to logical elaboration and organization. According to M. Weber, thinking in terms of «goal-means» is characteristic not only for man’s economic activities, but also for many other fields of activity. It is the degree of definition of objectives and means of their implementation that indicates the degree of rationality of action.

About the authors

T. G. Stotskaya

the Dept. of Social and Humanitarian Sciences, Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Samara, 443001, Russian Federation.

Author for correspondence.


  1. Weber M. Political works, 1895–1919. Gesammelte Politische Schriften, 1895–1919. Translation from German by B.M. Skuratov. M., Praksis, 2003. [in Russian]
  2. Weber M. Selection: protestant ethic and breath of capitalism. Translation from German by M.I. Levin, P.P. Gaidenko, A.F. Fillippov. 2nd ed., revised and corrected. M., ROSSPEN, 2006, 651 p. [in Russian].
  3. Sorochaikin A.N. Theory of stratification by M. Weber. Osnovy ekonomiki, upravleniia i prava [Foundations of Economics, Management and Law], 2014, no.3 [15], pp. 89-95. [in Russian]
  4. Pruzhinin B.I. Rationality and unity of knowledge in Rationality as a subject of philosophical research. Pruzhinin B.I., Shvyreva V.S. [eds.]. M., Institut filosofii RAN, 1995, pp. 121–143.
  5. Weber M. History of Economy. City in M. Weber. Selected works. M., Kanon-press, 2001, 576 p. [in Russian]
  6. Stotskaya T.G. Phenomenon of rationality: essence, historical forms, typological parameters: monograph. Samara, SGASU, 2009, 225 p. [in Russian]

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