Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University

The Journal is published two times a year, is published in the author's edition to Samara region’s scientific problems of humanitarian, natural scientific and technical sciences.

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Current Issue

No 2 (19) (2021)

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Biology

TOXIC EFFECT OF OIL AND OIL PRODUCTS ON WHEAT TRITICUM AESTIVUM AND THE MANIFESTATION OF RESISTANCE OF MICROMYCETES OF THE GENUS ASPERGILLUS TO OIL PRODUCTS
Evsigneev R.V., Safiullina F.D., Vasilyeva T.I.
Abstract

This work demonstrates the resistance of Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus candidus micromycete species to the toxic effects of oil and various petroleum products, such as diesel fuel, engine oil, brake fluid and antifreeze, and also shows the degree of inhibition of wheat Triticum aestivum growth by petroleum products. In the course of the study, results were obtained that revealed the resistance of these species when growing in Petri dishes with the addition of petroleum products; also, some of the species were able to grow both under aerobic conditions and under conditions of oxygen deficiency. The strong resistance of these fungal species allows them to dominate in oil-contaminated areas and use oil products as a nutrient substrate as a source of carbon.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):5-9
pages 5-9 views

Literary criticism

LITERARY WAYS TO CREATE A CONCEPT OF A MUSICAL ALBUM
Eremenko E.
Abstract

The article demonstrates the ways to create a concept album. Several ways, literary and paraliterary, are discovered. The article is mainly dedicated to the text of modern songs, as their role in the process of building a concept is claimed to be the biggest one. In addition, there is an analysis that is concerning the relationships between an album as the whole and a song as its part. Furthermore, the function of books based on concept albums is analyzed and their function in the process of building a concept is discovered.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):10-13
pages 10-13 views
The poetic of limit in the dithyramb "Letzter Wille" by Friedrich Nietzsche
Nogotkoff A.I.
Abstract

There in the article is represented a philological analysis of the Friedrich Nietzsche’s verse “Letzter Wille”, which is included in the cycle called “Dionysos-Dithyramben”.

Purpose: The purpose of the article is to consider the text formal organization emphasizing while analyzing the semantic structures which arise when such an organization is executed.

Methods: The methodological dominant is the method of philological analysis; on the methodological periphery is found the method of imaginative reconstruction, which consists in contextual imaginative reconstitution of eidetic structures existing beyond of fictional reality but being represented therein.

Results: It was done an analysis of this verse, and the semantic structures which are represented in it were considered.

Conclusions: Firstly, the poem “Letzter Wille”, which represents a history of an overcoming by a subject of his own limits, hoc est his own subjectivity, has a complex subject organization which is being expressed in the reciprocal ingression of the narrating and the narrated consciences in each other: it leads to an integration of them. Secondly, and there in the article it is being shown, the basis of the poetic of this verse is a sense of a limit; it is being expressed in all the layers of the poetic organization.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):14-18
pages 14-18 views

Pedagogy

PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION OF PARENTS AS A MEANS OF SUCCESSFUL SOCIALIZATION OF PUPILS
Radevich A.V.
Abstract

This work raises the question of the successful socialization of schoolchildren. This is a particularly significant and urgent task, the solution of which contributes to the formation of an integral personality. The research carried out in this article reveals the problem of psychological and pedagogical education of parents as active participants in the educational process. The family as the first institution of socialization has a decisive influence on the development of the basic social traits of the child's personality, on the success of his entry into society. Diagnostics of parental attitudes in families raising school-age children helps to determine the necessary areas of pedagogical work with parents.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):19-26
pages 19-26 views
PROJECT APPROACH TO PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE SPECIALISTS OF SOCIAL WORK
Sidorova A.D., Vandysheva L.V.
Abstract

This paper presents the historical stages of professional training, specifies the theoretical aspects of professional training of future specialists in social work, and systematizes data on approaches to the content of professional training.The concept of project approach to professional training of future social work specialists is defined. The main principles of the project approach to the professional training of future social work specialists are revealed. The role of the project approach in the structure of modern scientific research is determined, the project approach to the professional training of future specialists in social work at Samara University is analyzed. Conclusions are drawn regarding the types of projects used in the professional training of future social work specialists at Samara University.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):27-31
pages 27-31 views

Psychology

FEATURES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF CREATIVE ABILITIES OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
Vorozheikina G.
Abstract

The article deals with the problem of diagnosing the development of creative abilities of children of senior preschool age. The relevance of this research lies in the fact that creativity means the creation of new things, which can mean both transformations in the consciousness and behavior of a person, and the products generated by him, which he gives to others. The article substantiates the importance of studying the problem of diagnosing creative abilities, due to the limited set of diagnostic tools that can identify the creative potential of a child.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):32-39
pages 32-39 views

Economics and management

EFFICIENCY OF TELEVISION ADVERTISING ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE "SPORTMASTER" STORE
Bocharov V.D.
Abstract

This article is devoted to the analysis of the effectiveness of television advertising in the era of intensive development of the Internet and mass media. The aim of the work is to identify the essential characteristics of TV advertising, which distinguish it from the background of other advertising channels and determine the communicative efficiency. The work analyzed the television advertising products of the Sportmaster store, a large retail chain of sporting goods stores in Russia. Based on the results of the analysis of about 30 commercials, as well as a sociological one, a conclusion was made about the effectiveness of television advertising as a channel of communication with potential consumers. In the conclusion of the work, the vectors of development of television advertising in the conditions of the modern world are indicated.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):40-47
pages 40-47 views
ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE SCALE OF DEVELOPERS, BANKS AND INSURERS ON OPTIMAL STRATEGIES
Ivanova M., Geraskin M.
Abstract

This paper examines the "realtor-bank-insurer" system, in which agents are linked through transactions in the housing market. The practical significance of the work is to find such production volumes at which the maximum profit of market agents is achieved. Theoretical models for these agents of the system were built on the basis of actual data on the revenue, costs and sales of firms. On the basis of these models, graphs are built and the optimal sales volumes of firms are found. The study was based on mathematical and economic theory. The topic under consideration is the problem of rational commercial activity. As a result of the article, agents of the "realtor-bank-insurer" system are offered optimal strategies within the framework of functioning in the housing market.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):48-58
pages 48-58 views
PROMOTION STRATEGY OF THE CHILDREN'S CENTER "COSMOS"
Ivleva P.D.
Abstract

The article describes the experience of promoting the children's center "Cosmos", located in the Samara region. The low relevance of the existing approach to promotion is proved, the brand book of the Samara Holidays group of companies is analyzed. Segmentation of the target audience of the children's center was performed, based on the analysis of clients of recent years. The text describes the main competitors of the company in the Samara region, the advantages and disadvantages of their positioning. A promotion strategy has been developed taking into account the crises that have occurred in the organization, its established image and the capabilities of the available capital. The article presents the target audience of the strategy and the tools necessary for its implementation.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):59-64
pages 59-64 views
INNOVATION AS AN ECONOMIC CATEGORY IN THE FOCUS OF MULTIDI-MENSIONAL STATISTICAL METHODS
Yachevskaya M.A.
Abstract

In this article discusses the issue of applying multidimensional static methods, namely the canonical correlation method in the study of innovation indicators and processes that are determined by innovation. It was found that there is a strong connection between the groups of innovation indicators and socio-economic indicators, which allows developing both indicators of the innovation group and indicators of the socio-economic sphere in the three leading regions of the Russian Federation. In addition, the work has formed latent integral indicators, which make it possible to comprehensively characterize the state of an individual subject of the studied regions, as well as to make a comparative analysis of regions as a whole and their subjects in the space of integral canonical variables and a comparative analysis of integral indicators in time.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):65-70
pages 65-70 views

Jurisprudence

Controversial issues of qualification of storage and transportation, manufacture and processing of narcotic drugs
Andreeva E.A.
Abstract

In this article there are analyzed 6 judicial acts in order to identify qualification problems, as well as ways to eliminate them. The purpose of this article is to identify the difficulties encountered in the qualification process and how to solve them. The article analyzes the objective side of crimes, the subject of which is narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, their precursors or analogues. The article has scientific value and novelty. Dedicated to issues related to combating drug trafficking, including by improving scientific and legal thought. The theoretical significance of the study lies in the fact that during the preparation of the work, an analysis of theoretical developments in the field of criminal legislation of the Russian Federation was carried out. The problems of qualification of crimes related to illicit drug trafficking are investigated, as well as controversial issues of qualification of crimes provided for in Article 228 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation are revealed. The work used formal-logical, system-structural, comparative-legal and other research methods. The result of the work is the conclusion that it is necessary to introduce and differentiate the concepts of "storage of a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance", as well as "transportation of a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance". Conclusion: The problems considered and the projects for improving the norms formed on their basis can become the basis for future study in the framework of improving the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of crimes related to the circulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. In addition, the findings and recommendations contained in the study can be used in the study of training courses on criminal law.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):71-76
pages 71-76 views
Features of foreclosure on residential premises
Belyancheva A.A.
Abstract

The article deals with the problem of foreclosure on enforcement documents for the only hab-itable premises of the debtor and his family members. Questions are raised about the lack of legal regulation of determining the only habitable housing, the need to establish the limits of the principle of inviolability of the minimum property necessary for the existence of the debtor and his family members.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):77-80
pages 77-80 views
Independent mortgage in the light of changes in the civil legislation of the Russian Federation
Borisova A.K.
Abstract

      The article is devoted to the analysis of an independent mortgage, enshrined as a way to ensure the fulfillment of obligations in one of the draft laws in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The problem of the feasibility of introducing an independent mortgage into Russian civil legislation is relevant, since modern law enforcement practice supplants the prevailing ideas about the accessory nature of the pledge. In order to identify the need to secure an independent mortgage in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, this form of mortgage is considered in the light of various manifestations of accessory and is compared with the mortgage existing in Russian civil legislation, which is an accessory way of ensuring the fulfillment of obligations. As a result of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that the independent mortgage, which is planned to be introduced into Russian civil law, represents a weakening of the accessory property of the mortgage fixed in Russian legislation.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):81-84
pages 81-84 views
On the guestion of the limits of self-defense
Gostinova A.
Abstract

In the article reveals the essence and signs of necessary defense, the conditions for the legality of its application. Various points of view on the usefulness or harmfulness of necessary defense are presented. The necessary defense, its types were considered from the point of view of the law, and scientific opinions on this matter were given. Particular attention in the article is paid to the limits of necessary defense, the possibility of exceeding them is considered. In this regard, attention is drawn to the importance of careful consideration of all the circumstances of a particular case, where the legislation on necessary defense can be applied. The difficulties of applying the norms on necessary defense, in particular, the establishment of its limits for practitioners, are revealed, and a solution to this problem is proposed.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):85-89
pages 85-89 views
PLURALITY OF CRIMES: CONCEPT AND TYPES
Grebentsova Y.
Abstract

The article discusses the issue of understanding the plurality of crimes and determining its criminal-legal consequences. The author of the article proceeds from the provisions that the allocation of forms and types of multiple crimes is due to the differentiation and individualization of criminal responsibility, taking into account the change in the social danger of the personality of a criminal who commits several crimes, and the interconnectedness of these crimes. The article identifies and describes theories, on the basis of which, for the purposes of classifying the plurality of crimes, a generalizing concept of the plurality of crimes is given. Also, a provision has been formed that each of the classifications of a plurality of crimes makes it possible to logically differentiate criminal liability in conditions of a plurality of crimes.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):90-93
pages 90-93 views
JUDICIAL POSITIONS AS A SOURCE OF CRIMINAL LAW
Gudkova D.
Abstract

The article examines judicial positions, which are judged by the practice of the Constitutional and Supreme Courts of the Russian Federation, are legalized as bodies of criminal law. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on unconstitutional provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. The article also highlighted the issue of the use of the Supreme Court of the right of legislative initiative. The author draws a conclusion about the legitimate centralization of the judicial positions of the Constitutional and Supreme Courts of the Russian Federation in criminal law, and also expressed an opinion about the logical centralization of the systems of criminal law.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):94-97
pages 94-97 views
"Problems of obtaining operational-search primary information on cyberbullying crimes "
Dzhola V., Dunaev K.G.
Abstract

The article analyzes the state of the prevalence of bullying in the youth environment, investigates the main factors in the emergence of motives for committing suicide by minors under the influence of information from the Internet. Collected and studied statistics of suicides among minors in the Kaliningrad region. The article analyzes the criminal cases in the Kaliningrad region, which clearly reflect the problem of obtaining operational-search primary information. The authors have identified a number of problems of obtaining computer information on crimes related to cyberbullying at the present stage. The ways of solving the problem of obtaining operational-search primary information on crimes related to cyberbullying are proposed.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):98-103
pages 98-103 views
The legal regime of unauthorized construction
Zarechin M.A.
Abstract

In this article the author analyzes the legal regime of an unauthorized construction in the Russian Federation as institution of law, which is constructed with legal norms and elements of both civil and administrative law. The charachteristics for recognizing a particular structure as an unauthorized construction, a sanction for the construction of an unauthorized construction, as well as other elements inherent in the institution of unauthorized construction are studied in details. When writing a work, the author relies on the current regulatory framework, in particular on the provisions of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, on the opinions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, as well as on the Definitions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. In the end, the author comes to the conclusion about the predominance of administrative-legal principles over civil-legal principles in the institution of unauthorized construction and reflects on the "non-"harmony of the legislative "fragmentation" of the legal norm of unauthorized construction.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):104-107
pages 104-107 views
MEDICAL SECRECY: THE CONCEPT, SIGNS, METHODS OF PROTECTION
Kudasheva P.
Abstract

The article deals with the concept and features of medical secrecy, identifies exceptions to the confidentiality of medical information, makes proposals for adjusting the composition of the said information, and suggests interaction with ethics committees when making compromise decisions. The author also studied the issues related to the need to develop a mechanism for interaction of medical personnel with each other when communicating information that constitutes a medical secret and raised the problem of disclosure of information to the patient's relatives.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):108-110
pages 108-110 views
Problems of development of electronic justice in civil proceeding
Kuznetcova A.
Abstract

The article analyzes the current state of electronic justice in civil proceedings. Based on statistics, a conclusion is made about the relevance of studying this topic. The vector, development prospects and shortcomings of electronic justice are highlighted. To solve the identified problems, it is proposed to reform existing information systems, retrain existing and train future specialists. The positive experience of foreign countries is analyzed and ways of its implementation into domestic systems are proposed. The conclusion is made that the Russian judicial system functions with dignity using digital technologies, but some aspects require the attention of the legislator and other specialists.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):111-113
pages 111-113 views
Features of the legal status of artificial intelligence as an object and subject of legal relations
Likh M.I.
Abstract

The article examines the features of the legal regime and the legal status of artificially intelligent systems as objects and subjects of legal relations. Specific measures are indicated that are necessary to consolidate the unique properties of such systems. Reflections are underway on the advisability of introducing the category of an electronic person and on its uniqueness. The idea is expressed about the importance of creating a unified testing system for robots with built-in artificial intelligence for their subsequent assignment to objects or subjects of legal relations. The question is raised about the nature of legal responsibility for the actions of artificially intelligent systems and the ways of its implementation. The conclusion is made about the need to modify legal regulation, its restructuring due to the high rates of development of artificial intelligence and the recognition of its special position.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):114-116
pages 114-116 views
BASES OF INHERITANCE: NEWS OF DOMESTIC CIVIL LAW
Pankevich N.V.
Abstract

This article, taking into account the joint will of the spouses and the inheritance contract, examines the grounds for inheritance. The author draws attention to the fact that inheritance under the law is still the most common basis for inheritance, despite the active work of the legislator to expand the rights of citizens to dispose of their property in case of death. Statistics on the execution of joint wills of spouses are provided and it is noted that Russians need time to master new legal institutions.

The author points out that in Russia joint wills are based on full trust and mutual consent of the spouses. The main problem seems to be that this approach does not protect the will of the deceased spouse: the surviving spouse has the right to revoke a joint will or make a new will, which has priority in inheritance.

Further, the author emphasizes that, unlike a joint will, the parties to the inheritance contract are to a certain extent bound by it. As a result, the inheritance contract is defined as a will with a cancellation clause and is presented as a means of preventing the surviving spouse from treachery in Russia.

After analyzing foreign experience, the author insists on eliminating the confusion of the functions of the joint will of the spouses and the inheritance contract: the joint will of the spouses should provide for the possibility of unilateral cancellation only subject to compensation for damages, and the inheritance contract should exclude the possibility of the testator's unilateral refusal from the assumed obligations.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):117-121
pages 117-121 views
SCREENSHOT AS EVIDENCE IN COURT
Sadokhina M.
Abstract

The article analyzes the possibility of using a "screenshot" as one of the means of proving and protecting violated rights and legitimate interests in the trial. The work revealed the absence of regulatory regulation and requirements for the assessment of such types of evidence. The author reveals the concept and essence of a "screenshot" as evidence and considers the issue of the practical application of a "screenshot" of the trial. The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal nature of the "screenshot", the differences between written evidence and electronic documents are studied. The issue of distinguishing electronic evidence as independent in the judicial process continues to be debatable. The main features of electronic evidence are clarified, the points of view expressed in the legal doctrine are analyzed. The procedure for preparing "screenshots" as evidence for submitting them to the court is also considered. It is concluded that written evidence and electronic evidence, to which the "screenshot" belongs, are independent types of evidence, for which a different order of research is required. The author, based on scientific research, proposed the concept of documentary evidence.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):122-128
pages 122-128 views
PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF GENDER IN LABOR LAW AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE RUSSIAN LAW
Tukhvatulina A.
Abstract

In this article, the problems of gender inequality and the implementation of the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of gender in the legislation of the Russian Federation are considered. There are some researches that confirm the relevance of the topic of gender-based discrimination, on the basis of which problems of occupational segregation, unequal pay, and the "penalty for motherhood" are identified. The reasons that give rise to gender discrimination in labor law and make it difficult to combat violations of workers' rights are revealed. The issue of the influence of gender stereotypes, social standards and family policy of the state on discrimination is considered. State measures are proposed to reduce the level of discrimination based on gender in labor law.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):129-135
pages 129-135 views
RECRUITMENT OF MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL: NOMENCLATURE PRINCIPLE IN THE PRACTICE OF THE USSR AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
Shulgin V.
Abstract

The article considers the nomenclature principle of selection of managerial personnel, its history and correlation with modern practice. The author conducts a comparative analysis of the Soviet and modern personnel policy. As a result of the comparison, the thesis about the preservation of the features of the nomenclature method of personnel selection in modern Russia is confirmed. The features that influenced the functioning of the nomenclature system in different historical periods are also noted. The result of the study is a logical conclusion about the shortcomings of the existing system of selecting managers for public service positions and the proposal of ways to solve existing problems.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):136-141
pages 136-141 views

Linguistics

THE CATEGORY OF EXPRESSIVENESS IN ENGLISH WEBCOMICS
Anipchenko P., Starostina Y.S.
Abstract

The purpose of the study: identification, systematization and analysis of multi-level expressive means actualized
in small-format English creolized texts, particularly webcomics. Methods: to form a theoretical platform of the research
there was chosen general scientific approach of the content analysis. The narrow-purpose pragmalinguistic method of
textual analysis was employed during the empirical stage. Results: the expressive picture of a creolized text is formed
through the combination of phonographic and syntactic means with added lexical items and extralinguistic practices.
Conclusion: the indicated integration of diverse means contributes to the pragmatic functional intensification of English
webcomics as well as ensures the implementation of the author's intentions.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):142-146
pages 142-146 views
Language means of irony explication (in Sue Townsend’s novel «The Queen and I»)
Dyakonov A.A., Pyzh A.M.
Abstract

The aim of the work is to study the linguistic means of ironic modality explication in a literary text, as well as the mechanisms of these means, presented at the lexical, syntactical and textual (including stylistic) levels based on the material of the novel «The Queen and I» by Sue Townsend. This approach to the study of the problem required the use of methods of continuous sampling, linguistic analysis, content analysis, and the use of works by S. I. Pokhodnya, O. P. Ermakova, M. E. Lazareva, dedicated to marking out and classifying devices of irony expression. In the research, 6 excerpts from the text were analysed. They contained a total of 8 means of irony explication, 3 of which acted on the lexical-semantic level, 3 – on the syntactical level, and 2 – on the textual level, while 2 of them played a supporting function in terms of irony expression, being secondary to the main means. The analysed devices find their place in the three-part structure of irony: 1) the «traditional» meaning (the usual or literal meaning or the logical interpretation); 2) the reverse meaning (the figurative of occasional meaning, illogical interpretation); 3) the discrepancy between the first two elements explicated by the means of irony expression.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):147-151
pages 147-151 views
FORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF THE ERA IN MODERN COLUMN
Mayorova A.V.
Abstract

The article discusses the features and methods of forming systems of publicistic images in modern column that make up an idea of a certain historical period. The author highlights the concept of the image of an era, explores the images of the epochs of the present, past and future, created in columns. For a comprehensive characterization of modern column, the author analyzes the texts presented on different media platforms: columns in traditional printed publications and column cycles published in books.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):152-157
pages 152-157 views
THE IMPERATIVE MOOD OF THE PERFECTIVE AND IMPERFECTIVE ASPECTS IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
Petrushkina O.N.
Abstract

The article deals with the teaching methods of the aspect of the Russian verb to non-Russian-speaking learners on the example of the topic “The imperative mood of the perfective and imperfective aspects”: method of speech acts consideration and algorithmic method. On the basis of the selected eleven speech acts that are significant in the contexts of the imperative mood usage, the rules are compiled and the practical lessons are developed for their study. The analysis of the results of the student questionnaire before and after the classes showed the effectiveness of the method of speech acts consideration. The learning algorithm of the determination of the correct verb aspect in the imperative mood is developed. The algorithmic approach is subject to testing in the subsequent classes with the foreign students.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):158-163
pages 158-163 views
THE STRUCTURE AND THE FUNCTIONING OF THE CONCEPT «CINEMA» IN THE WORKS OF V.V. NABOKOV
Chernyavskaya N.A., Svechnikova E.S.
Abstract

The article deals with the structure and features of the functioning of the concept «cinema» in the works of V.V. Nabokov. In the structure of the concept, the subject-conceptual, associative, figurative and evaluative layers are identified, and the lexical representatives of each layer are determined. Special attention is paid to the associative and figurative layers of the concept. As a result of the analysis of the associative layer, the author's associations with cinema are revealed: light, mystery, death, meaningless movement. In the course of the analysis of the figurative layer of the concept, the figurative models «life – shooting», «cinema – deception», «people – shadows» are considered. A discrepancy between the cognitive signs of the concept «cinema» in the linguistic picture of the world and the individual author's picture of the world is discovered.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):164-168
pages 164-168 views
PRAGMATIC ASPECTS OF PUBLIC PERFORMANCES IN THE FORMAT OF ‘COMMENCEMENT ADDRESS’
Kharkovskaya A.A., Chekhova K.A.
Abstract

The present research project is related to the study of the pragmatic peculiarities of the commencement speech in the terms of discourse analysis. The study hypothesis is baseв on the assumption that the global epidemiological situation is producing a significant impact upon the traditional format of commencement address in terms of t time and space, structure and semantics. The novelty of the approach deals with the integrated elements involving ongoing changes within the world pandemic situation. The highlighted points comprise such aspects as collective addressee, discourse speaker’s individual personality and elements of humour implemented in the above commencement speech. The results show evidently the  importance of extralinguistic factors in the changes occurring within the format of the ‘commencement address’  including the performance time limit, the online communication regime accompanied by an update structural composition and final transformations of humourous effects exploitation.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):169-173
pages 169-173 views
REFLECTION OF PROPOSITION IN THE PROCESS OF WORD FORMATION (based on word formation nests with a verb top)
Tsener V.D.
Abstract

The present study was carried out in the mainstream of cognitive linguistics, in which the main attention is paid to human cognition in its connection with speech activity, it is devoted to how mental units and processes are reflected in speech activity, in the language system. The article, using the example of a concept-proposition, demonstrates the manifestations of the connection between linguistic and mental units. The principle of structuring knowledge, characteristic of a proposition, is found in the semantic structure of the formation of a nest, showing the reflection of knowledge about the connections of objects of the surrounding world in different situations. In this study, we have traced the dependence of the qualitative and quantitative composition of word-building nests and propositional structures as units of our knowledge.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):174-178
pages 174-178 views
Lexical and phonetic characteristics of Australian English (based on contemporary fiction and films)
Shurmina E.A., Tuzlaeva E.A.
Abstract

The article discusses some characteristics of the Australian variety of the English language. The subject of the analysis is comprised of the lexical and phonetic features of Australian English which are studied on the material of two novels written by Australian authors, and their film versions. Close attention is given to the history of Australian English, as certain social as well as natural conditions played an important role in the development of this territorial variety of English. The present paper contains a systematization of lexical Australianisms found in the texts of the novels «The Dressmaker» and «True History of the Kelly Gang» and in their screen adaptations, as well as conclusions concerning some key phonetic features of Australian English represented in the films.

Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2021;(2 (19)):179-188
pages 179-188 views

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