Analysis of basic concepts of advanced engines for supersonic civil aircraft on the basis of foreign designers’ experience

Abstract

The work contains the results of a study of the basic design concepts of advanced engines for supersonic civil aircraft, carried out in order to make a forecast for the development of aviation technology, taking into account the experience of foreign designers.  Engine designs are presented that are considered to be the most rational ones from the point of view of achieving high technical and economic parameters in the range of cruise Mach numbers from 1.2 to 5. Advantages and disadvantages of various engine designs, as well as issues of engine regulation at different flight modes, are discussed. The parameters of some engines being developed and studied at present for supersonic civil aircraft are presented. The analysis of the designs shows that an increase in the cruise Mach number leads to a complication of engine designs in the direction of an increase in the number of controlled elements, the number of working fluid flow paths, a complication of the architecture of turbomachines, as well as in the direction of using combined schemes and alternative fuels. The aspiration to meet new reinforced ecological requirements through the use of new, complex engine designs that differ significantly from traditional gas turbine engines will inevitably entail additional technical risks due to the insufficient level of technological readiness of most of the new controlled units.

About the authors

A. D. Alendar

Moscow Aviation Institute

Author for correspondence.
Email: artem.alendar@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5142-1257

Postgraduate Student

Russian Federation

A. N. Grunin

Moscow Aviation Institute

Email: grunin.anton@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2070-0368

Postgraduate Student

Russian Federation

M. V. Siluyanova

Moscow Aviation Institute

Email: dc2mati@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3842-6803

Doctor of Science (Engineering), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Technology of Production and Operation of Aircraft Engines

Russian Federation

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