No 1 (8) (2016)

Cover Page

Articles

SIMULATION OF THE SPACE ELEVATOR'S OSCILLATIONS DURING PAYLOAD LIFTING INTO ORBIT

Ledkov A.S., Pikalov R.S.

Abstract

The multipoint mathematical model of the nonequatorial space elevator was developed for studying of the system’s motion. The climber and the space station were modeled as mass points. The tether was considered as a chain of mass points which were interconnected by weightless elastic rods. It was shown that motion of the climber leads to transverse oscillations of the space elevator. Comparison of the results of the multipoint model and the previously published two-tier model was carried out. It is shown that the vibration pattern substantially different. Motion of the climber causes longitudinal oscillations in the tether, which due to the effect of the Coriolis forces of inertia lead to tether’s buildup in the transverse direction. A two-tier model cannot account for these phenomena. Effect of the number of the tether’s points on the accuracy of the results was investigated.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):5-15
pages 5-15 views

INFLUENCE OF CONTAMINATIONON THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS WORK FLUID VISCOSITY

Popelniuk I.A.

Abstract

The article deal with the main property of the hydraulic system work fluid - viscosity. The effect of the viscosity values changes on the hydraulic systems performance is studied. It is found, that maintaining the optimum value of viscosity is extremely important to ensure the accuracy of processes in an aircraft control system. Furthermore, in the case of deviations from normal values of viscosity, deteriorating the stability of the oil film, because of which there may be unacceptable chemical reactions and increased wear of the rubbing surfaces as a result of dry friction. The existing methods for measuring the viscosity are analyzed. Theoretical investigations of the mechanical impurities concentration changes impact to change of its viscosity is studied.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):16-22
pages 16-22 views

EFFECT OF NONSPECIFIC BLOCKADE OF HISTAMINE RECEPTORS ON BEHAVIOR BEFORE AND UNDER STRESS IN RATS

Batyanina O.V., Belyakov V.I.

Abstract

The study examined behavioral features of laboratory rats in tests «open field», «black and white camera» and «elevated plus maze» with the pharmacological blockade of histamine receptors. Displaying pronounced inhibition in animals horizontal and vertical motor activity, slight increase in research activity. It established neodnaznachnoe change anxietyphobic state in the blockade of histamine receptors. The blockade of histamine receptors modulates the behavior of rats under stress development.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):23-29
pages 23-29 views

CONCERNING THE NATURAL SANCTUARIES FLORAOF KRASNOARMEYSKIY DISTRICT OF THE SAMARA REGION

Vasyukhina E.A., Plaksina T.I.

Abstract

An inventory of the flora of natural sanctuaries of Krasnoarmeysky district of the Samara region«Nastojashchaja pribajkalskaja step», «Urochishche Rodniki», «Istoki reki Bolshaja Wjazowka», «Istokireki Chagry», «Usadba A.A. Bostroma» is carried out. In «Nastojashchaja pribajkalskaja step» there are 34 families, 125 genera, 177 vascular plants species; in «Urochishche Rodniki» there are 38 families, 124 genera, 181 vascular plants species; in «Istoki reki Chagry» there are 28 fami-lies, 112 genera, 156 vascular plants species; in «Istoki reki Bolshaja Wjazowka» there are 32 fami-lies, genera, 157 vascular plants species; in «Usadba A.A. Bostroma» there are 28 families, 94 gen-era, 125 vascular plants species. Red Book plants, rare plants and endangered plants were found.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):30-38
pages 30-38 views

MOGUTOVA MOUNTAIN AS A HABITAT OF RARE LICHENS FOR THE SAMARA REGION

Il’ina E.D., Korchikov E.S.

Abstract

95 lichens  and allied fungi are grow on Mogutova mountain of «Samara Luka» National park from 50 genera, 22 families and 9 orders. In the article found at Mogutova mountain lichen species listed in the Red book of the Samara region ( Dermatocarpon miniatum, Rusavskia elegans ), recommended for inclusion in the next edition ( Physconia muscigena, Scytinium tenuissimum and Ochrolechia pallescens ), then new for the Samara region lichens ( Candelariella rhodax, Enchylium polycarpon and Halecania alpivaga ), as well as 4 relict lichens ( Melanelixia glabra, Parmelina tiliacea, Phaeophyscia ciliata и Physconia muscigena ). Ecological characteristics of their habitats are examines.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):39-45
pages 39-45 views

PARTICIPATION PONS STRUCTURES IN THE REGULATION OF BREATHING

Kovaleva T.E.

Abstract

The article presents the analysis of literary data on the current understanding of the mechanisms of involvement of structures of the Pons in regulation of bulbar respiratory center. Presents basic information about location, connections, and types a pattern of neuronal activity included in pontine respiratory group. Considered the main neural compartments of the Pons, such as pneumotaxic center and pontine respiratory group. Presents literature data about mechanisms of interaction of these structures with neural groups in the bulbar respiratory center. Shows age characteristics of the location and functioning of respiratory neurons in paratrigeminal and parafacials groups this respiratory center.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):46-51
pages 46-51 views

TO THE STUDY OF WOODY PLANTS IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE KINEL CITY (SAMARA REGION)

Makarova Y.V., Korchikov E.S.

Abstract

The article presents the results of taxonomic and chorologic analysis of woody plants identified in the green areas of the northern part of the city Kinel of Samara region. It was established that the predominant use in landscaping objects get adventitious species of woody plants, some of which ( Acer negundo L., Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh., Caragana arborescens Lam., Robinia pseudoacacia L., Sambucus racemosa L., Lonicera tatarica L., Ribes aureum Pursh and other) may pose a potential threat to the species of local flora. In the green areas of the city Kinel identified five rare for Samara region species of woody plants: Populus alba L., Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb., Salix rosmarinifolia L., S. alba L. и S. acutifolia Willd.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):52-58
pages 52-58 views

TO EVALUATION OF FEATURES OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH OF SAMARA’S MALE PATIENTS

Pervova Y.V., Starikova T.V.

Abstract

The article is devoted to reproductive health of Samara’s male patients. This study examined - the effect of body mass index on the basic morphological and functional characteristics of sperm. By light microscopy analyzes macro parameters (volume, viscosity, pH seminal fluid) and microparameters (motility and morphology of sperm details), and demonstrated a correlation between the physiological status of the man and the process of spermatogenesis. All parameters are great importance in the fertilizing capacity of sperm. In this paper we demonstrated the deterioration of reproductive function of men depending on the body mass index greater than the allowable value of the norm. Also shown morphofunctional characteristics change depending on sperm lack of patient body weight. It is evidence of a correlation of the physiological status and reproductive health in men. This problem is poorly understood and requires further study.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):59-63
pages 59-63 views

NEUROCHEMICAL REGULATOR OF REPRODUCTION KISSPEPTIN AS A POTENTIAL REGULATOR OF CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS

Tkacheva M.A., Inyushkin A.N.

Abstract

Kisspeptin is a most important peptide responsible for fertility and normal functioning of the reproductive system in mammals including human. The peptide stimulates a release of honadotropinreleasing hormone (GnRH), which is a messenger of hormonal reproductive signal. Besides, there are evidences that kisspeptin receptors are involved in regulatory mechanisms of feeding, metabolism, and responses to stress. One of the poorly studied aspects of kisspeptin physiological activity is its potential involvement in the control of biological rhythms in mammals including human. In the paper, the data of literature on physiological activity of kisspeptin alone with own results of author’s electrophysiological studies on the peptide effects on activity of neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus circadian oscillator are presented.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):64-69
pages 64-69 views

BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK DETECTION USING MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL CARDIO SIGNAL

Davydov N.S.

Abstract

In this study we are analyzed diagnostic pieces of evidence of heart blocks and formulated the algorithm that was researched and realized and program complex Diseases of the cardiovascular system are in the second place after oncological diseases in the death rate in modern world. So this is an actual applied tasks for mathematical and computer modeling. Based on the known pieces of evidence, I wrote an algorithm that takes a digital ECG signal with movement noises that is filtering during algorithm’s work. Then certain leads of electrocardiogram are checked for presence of evidence of bundle branch block connecting with deformation of QRS complex. After that, algorithm gives a conclusion about patient’s state. The behavior of the algorithm was researched by several test samples with different diagnosis to find out probability of false positive answer.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):70-74
pages 70-74 views

A PLACE OF BRITISH NATIONAL FRONT IN THE HISTORY OF NEOFASCISM DEVELOPMENT IN POSTWAR BRITAIN

Melnikov A.Y.

Abstract

In the article the author analyses the place of the British National Front (1967-1987) in the general process of neofascism wing development in the political context of the British postwar life. On the assumption of the set research tasks, the author considers the premises of the National Front formation, the ideology and the social and political nature of this organisation, its disintegration and influence on the following evolution of British neofascism. Special attention has been given to substantiations of the neofascist nature of the National Front.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):75-79
pages 75-79 views

DISPELLING ILLUSIONS OF THE WEHRMACHT «PURITY»: SHATTERING ATTITUDES OF THE GERMAN SOCIETY TOWARDS THE CONNECTION OF THE ARMY TO NAZI CRIMES DURING WORLD WAR II

Melnikova K.A.

Abstract

In the present article the author analyses the dynamic patterns concerning the policy of German society’ «historical memory» of the crimes committed by the armed forces of the Third Reich during World War II. The process of Germans’ attitude shift from the idea of Wehrmacht «purity» and immaculacy to the admission of the fact of committing war crimes has been examined through the example of Russian and foreign research works. The author of the article analyses the preconditions and reasons for the «historical memory vectors» on the example of key social, popular scientific, cultural events of the German history, which contributed into the change of the «image of the past» and the establishment of the new paradigm of historic thinking. The present article touches upon the problem of significant transformation of historical memory in terms of one of the sore subjects in German history since the ending of the World War II, to which no final solution has yet been found.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):80-85
pages 80-85 views

ACCORDING INFORMATION FROM FRENCH MERCENARY CAPTAIN JACQUES MARGERET, RUSSIAN ARMY IN 17TH CENTURY

Rodionova Y.R.

Abstract

In this article author considers state of Russian army at the beginning of the 17 century, when mercenary captain Jacques Margeret was serving there. A work about Russia by Jacques Margeret was used as a main source. A historiography of this problem also was mentioned.Author found the information is trueand the captain was knowledgeable in this question.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):86-89
pages 86-89 views

VACCINE CONTROVERSIES AS A NEW SOCIAL PHENOMENON IN RUSSIA

Lushavina A.A.

Abstract

The article deals with vaccine controversies as a new social phenomenon. The author examines this phenomenon in the world practice and its development in the Russian Federation. A brief review of the literature, articles, medical research on the relationship of vaccination and human health. We consider the Cochrane study, T. Deysher, D. Bradstreet, as well as the EFVV. Consider article Russian researchers: Kopilov, Chervonskaya, Professor Gorodilova. Obtained classification reasons on which they are based in the writing of his papers and research. Also considered legal documents and open letters to the public in the Ministry of Health, with the requirements to inspect and review the rules of vaccines and national vaccination calendars.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):90-97
pages 90-97 views

TECHNOLOGICAL SINGULARITY

Davydov N.S.

Abstract

In this study we are analyzed several theories and existing views of following rapid development of information technologies. In case of increasing frequency of scientific discoveries and quality of computing devices, it is time to recall the words of V. Vinge about technological singularity. It is not a secret that technologies have in filtrated in our life and already become indispensible. There are several views on following events, after reaching the point of singularity. A. P. Nazaretyan, A. D. Panov and members of social movement «Russia 2045» put forward different scenarios. It includes positive and negative developments such as human extinction, transition to controlled evolution and transhumanism.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):98-101
pages 98-101 views

THE MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN SOLVING INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS

Vasyaycheva V.A.

Abstract

The article is sanctified the need of science-based management of financial and economic systems. In the modern management practice such solutions are often based on the technical and technological production re-equipment. However, there are many factors that allow to stabilize production and to bring high indicators to the company without any significant financial investments. Human resource is one of the most important enterprise resources. The severity of attention to the improvement of human resource management is related to the Russia integration into the world community, labor markets globalization and searching for new competitive advantages. The author proves the necessity of mathematical modeling application in human resource management. At present requires a reinterpretation to the enterprises staff policy. It's needed the prompt adjustment in staff evaluation, its analysis, recording and workforce planning and improving the management through the application of mathematical methods.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):102-107
pages 102-107 views

ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODEL DEVELOPMENT OPTIMIZATION OF THE INSURANCE PORTFOLIO

Gorokhova A.V.

Abstract

The financial stability of the insurance company as the economic agent determines the stability of financial market at the region and country as a whole. The relevance of the research topic stems from the fact that the financial reliability of the insurance company depends on several factors, among which are the state of the insurance portfolio. Its structure determines the amount of insurance premiums, formed insurance reserves and payments company. The insurance portfolio can be viewed as an integrated insurer solvency management tool. The paper presents the structural analysis of the Insurance companies' portfolio in Samara region and the forecast of their development, besides the elaboration of economic-mathematical models of optimization the insurance companies' portfolio.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):108-115
pages 108-115 views

THE CONTENT OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT COMPETITIVENESS OF THE ENTERPRISE

Ryazheva Y.I.

Abstract

This article discusses the concept of strategic management competitiveness of the enterprise. The main aims of strategic management is also currently being studied the levels of competitiveness of the enterprise. Each level of competitiveness has unique features that distinguish it from other levels. As a result of consideration of this issue, the company will be able to assess their competitive position in the market, which will enable them to take timely measures to improve competitiveness and maintain. Each company strives to attract the highest level of competitiveness, therefore, it is important to consider the characteristics of each level in order to choose the right strategy of competitiveness management of the enterprise when the level of competition in the market is very high.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):116-121
pages 116-121 views

ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS IN THE PENSION (RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS AN EXAMPLE)

Semyonova O.V.

Abstract

In this article the basic problems of modern pension system and presented possible solutions to them, and also examined the conditions under which it becomes obvious and clear process of reforming the pension system in the Russian Federation. The results of the research can be used to develop the main directions of improvement of the pension system in Russia. The state and actual problems of the current pension system, the following conclusions: the last time is not observed appreciable improvement in the material position of pensioners. Thus, the main problems of the existing pension system are: increasing the budget deficit of the Pension Fund and the low level of compulsory pension insurance. Therefore, pension every year is becoming more urgent. As conditions change in pension provision requires its improvement, otherwise the company will face serious social problems, the scale of which can not be overestimated.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):122-126
pages 122-126 views

CONSIDERATION OF REGION'S ACCOUNTS PAYABLE IN THE ANALYSIS OF INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS

Sharapova N.R.

Abstract

The article analyzes the investment attractiveness of the Samara region and raises the question of the usefulness of adding an accounts payable criterion while creating the investment rating of the region.The level of public debt in Samara region has significantly increased in recent years and is about 36% of the region's income, which generally reflects the current situation in all Russian regions. The level of accounts payable is one of the most important factors that influences the decision of investors to put money into an object. Thus, to objectively reflect the situation this criterion should be taken into account while creating various investment ratings.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):127-132
pages 127-132 views

PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION OF DATABASE IN THE INNOVATIVE REGIONAL CLUSTER OF MEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGIES OF SAMARA REGION

Inyushkin A.A.

Abstract

The paper examines the prospects for the use of high-tech results of intellectual activity in the innovative territorial cluster of medical and pharmaceutical technology of Samara Region. Legal regulation in the area of support for database developers in the region is analysis. In the paper is analyzes the regulations of both federal and regional levels and their impact on the development of high-tech intellectual property. The revealed the specificity of the database in the innovation process is analysis, due to the medical and pharmaceutical technologies. The prospects of implementation of intellectual property rights under this cluster are studies.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):133-135
pages 133-135 views

SALE OF TECHNICAL DEBUGGING EQUIPMENT DURING «VERIFYING PURCHASE»: DILEMMA OF QUALIFICATION

Korostelev V.S.

Abstract

Information, that sale of technical debugging equipment during «verifying purchase» is recognized by different courts on the basis of identical preconditions as completed and as uncompleted crime, is marked in the article. It’s determined by review of points of view in court practice, that same arguments, namely «intense has not been completed owing to external circumstances» and «subject of crime is seized from illicit traffic», are used by both parties in dispute. Ready statements in the texts of court decisions, which allows to prove qualification of such activities as criminal attempt, are supposed by author.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):136-143
pages 136-143 views

CONSTRUCTION OF SANCTIONS FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT POSE A DANGER TO THE WIDER PUBLIC ACCORDING TO THE LEGISLATION OF RUSSIA DURING PRE-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

Norvartyan Y.S.

Abstract

The article examines approaches to creating sanctions for contamination of infectious diseases representing a danger to others in the Russian criminal law revolutionary period, in particular in the code about punishments of criminal and corrective 1845, the Charter of the penalties imposed by magistrates, 1864 and the Criminal code of 1903.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):144-148
pages 144-148 views

HANDLS: ITS LINGUISTIC NATURE AND WAYS OF TRANSLATION

Elagina Y.S.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the «handle» interpretation problem. Handle is a linguistic phenomenon that emerged as a result of active communication activity of users of various computer technologies within virtual space. Such peculiarities as this phenomenon characteristic features of usage and linguistic aspects of its formation are identified and described. The necessity of translational analysis of the texts with the semantic field «computer technologies» containing handles is found and grounded. On the basis of this study the author has determined general cases when handles are used, described the functions they perform in the text, and examined situations in which it’s possible to change handle’s lexical form.
Proceedings of young scientists and specialists of the Samara University. 2016;(1 (8)):149-153
pages 149-153 views

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