Cite item


To understand the essence of the phenomenon under study allows the appropriate and correct use of concepts. Today we can meet cases when an erroneous understanding of the meaning of the terms used leads to a false interpretation of their meaning. We believe that a similar situation develops in forensics when studying the concept of «tactical technique». In the article, based on the analysis of the opinions of forensic scientists, the definitions and signs of a tactical technique presented in the science of forensic science are investigated. The conclusion is drawn about their ambiguity. The author's understanding of a tactical technique is presented, indicating its essential features: 1) mode of action, 2) compliance with certain criteria of admissibility. The article describes the content component of each of these signs. An analysis of the positions of forensic scientists is given, on the basis of which it is concluded that the criteria for the admissibility of a tactical technique should include scientific validity and predictable effectiveness. Indicators of the predicted effectiveness of tactical reception are determined. It is concluded that legality and ethics should be considered as a fundamental idea, guiding principles, extending to the activities of the law enforcement officer as a whole. The criteria for the admissibility of a tactical technique should be understood and studied as a particular manifestation of this activity, which is subject to the general principles of conducting a preliminary investigation. It is stated that the essential features of a tactical technique and its acceptance criteria are not the same thing. The terms «criteria of admissibility of tactical technique» and «criteria of admissibility of using tactical technique» are related. Considering that they are one and the same, it is concluded that there is no expediency of using the term «criterion of admissibility of the use of a tactical technique» in forensic science.

About the authors

A. B. Sokolov

Omsk Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: Andrey.Perm@mail.ru
Russian Federation


  1. Belkin R. S. Kurs kriminalistiki: Obshchaia teoriia kriminalistiki: v 3 t. T. 1 [Course of criminalistics: General theory of forensic science: in 3 vols. Vol. 1]. Moscow: Iurist", 1997, 408 p. Available at: https://may.alleng.org/d/jur/jur720.htm [in Russian].
  2. Knyazkov A. S. Priznaki takticheskogo priema i kriterii dopustimosti ego primeneniia [Characteristics of tactical technique and admissibility criteria for its application]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Journal], 2012, no. 355, pp. 94–102. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17526152 [in Russian].
  3. Komissarov V. I. Kriminalisticheskaia taktika: istoriia, sovremennoe sostoianie i perspektivy razvitiia [Forensic tactics: history, current state and development prospects]. Moscow: Iurlitinform, 2009, 192 p. [in Russian].
  4. Malyutin M. P. Takticheskie priemy v rassledovanii prestuplenii: monografiia [Tactics in crime investigation: monograph]. Moscow: Iurlitinform, 2009, 184 p. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=19789211 [in Russian].
  5. Moskvin E. O. Takticheskii priem [Tactical technique]. Moscow: Iurlitinform, 2006, 88 p. [in Russian].
  6. Porubov N. I. Dopros v sovetskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Interrogation in Soviet criminal proceedings. 2nd ediion, revised and enlarged]. Minsk: Vysheish. shk., 1973, 368 p. [in Belarusian].
  7. Porubov N. I., Porubov A. N. Dopros: protsessual'nye i kriminalisticheskie aspekty: monografiia [Interrogation: procedural and criminalistic aspects: monograph]. Moscow: Iurlitinform, 2013, 304 p. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23158512 [in Russian].
  8. Savel’eva M. V., Smushkin A. B. Sledstvennye deistviia: uchebnik dlia magistrov. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Investigative actions: textbook for masters. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged]. Moscow: Iurait, 2015, 293 p. Available at: https://urss.ru/PDF/add_ru/192010-1.pdf [in Russian].
  9. Selivanov N. A. Sovetskaia kriminalistika: sistema poniatii [Soviet criminalistics: a system of concepts]. Moscow: Iurid. lit., 1982, 152 p. [in Russian].
  10. Filippov A. G. Poniatie i soderzhanie kriminalisticheskoi taktiki. Ee mesto v sisteme kriminalistiki [The concept and content of forensic tactics. Its place in the system of criminalistics]. In: Kriminalisticheskaia taktika: uchebnoe posobie dlia akademicheskogo bakalavriata. Pod. red. A. G. Filippova [Filippov A. G. (Ed.) Criminalistic tactics. Study guide for academic undergraduate studies]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Iurait, 2016, 207 p. Available at: https://be5.biz/pravo/k013/17.html [in Russian].
  11. Fomina I. A., Smirnov V. A. Takticheskii priem «Nabliudenie» v praktike sledstvennykh organov [Tactical reception «Observation» in the practice of the investigating authorities]. Sibirskii iuridicheskii vestnik [Siberian Law Herald], 2019, no. 2, pp. 108–112. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/takticheskiy-priem-nablyudenie-v-praktike-sledstvennyh-organov [in Russian].
  12. Kirillov V. I., Starchenko A. A. Logika: uchebnik dlia iuridicheskikh vuzov. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Logics: textbook for law schools. 5th edition, revised and enlarged]. Moscow: Iurist", 1999, 256 p. Available at: http://informatika-vt-2011.narod.ru/olderfiles/1/Logika.PDF [in Russian].
  13. Sovetskaia kriminalistika. Teoreticheskie problemy. N. A. Selivanov, V. G. Tanasevich, A. A. Eisman, N. A. Iakubovich [N. A. Selivanov, V. G. Tanasevich, A. A. Eisman, N. A. Yakubovich. Soviet criminalistics. Theoretical problems]. Moscow: Iurid. lit., 1978, 192 p. Available at: https://zinref.ru/000_uchebniki/04600_raznie_6/683/001.htm [in Russian].
  14. Bayanov A. I. Informatsionnoe modelirovanie v taktike sledstvennykh deistvii: avtoref. dis. … kand. iurid. nauk [Information modeling in the tactics of investigative actions: author’s abstract of the Candidate’s of Juridical Sciences thesis]. Moscow, 1978, 24 p. Available at: http://dspace.nlu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/15722/1/Bayanov_1978.pdf [in Russian].
  15. Tolkovyi slovar' russkogo iazyka: Ok. 100 000 slov, terminov i frazeologicheskikh vyrazhenii. S. I. Ozhegov; Pod red. prof. L. I. Skvortsova. 28-e izd., pererab. [Ozhegov S. I. Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language: About 100 000 words, terms and phraseological expressions, professor Skvortsova L. I. (Ed.). 28th edition, revised]. Moscow: OOO «Izdatel'stvo ‘‘Mir i Obrazovanie’’»: OOO «Izdatel'stvo ‘‘Oniks’’», 2012, 1376 p. Available at: https://tolkovyj-slovar-ozhegova.slovaronline.com [in Russian].
  16. Tolkovyi slovar' russkogo iazyka: 80000 slov i frazeologicheskikh vyrazhenii. S. I. Ozhegov i N. Iu. Shvedova; Rossiiskaia akad. nauk, In-t rus. iaz. im. V. V. Vinogradova. 4-e izd., dop. [Ozhegov S. I., Shvedova N. Yu. Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language: 80 000 words and phraseological expressions. 4th edition, enlarged]. Moscow: A TEMP, 2006, 938 p. Available at: https://www.shamardanov.ru/s-i-ozhegov-n-yu-shvedova-tolkovyj-slovar-russkogo-yazyka-skachat-djvu.html [in Russian].
  17. Bykhovsky I. E. Protsessual'nye i takticheskie voprosy provedeniia sledstvennykh deistvii: uchebnoe posobie [Procedural and tactical issues of conducting investigative actions: textbook]. Volgograd: NIiRIO VSSh MVD SSSR, 1977, 95 p. [in Russian].
  18. Vasiliev A. N. Taktika otdel'nykh sledstvennykh deistvii [Tactics of individual investigative actions]. Moscow: Iurid. lit., 1981, 112 p. [in Russian].
  19. Shalamov M. P., Zuikov G. G. Nekotorye problemy sovetskoi kriminalistiki: uchebn. posobie [Some problems of Soviet criminalistics: textbook]. Moscow, 1965, 61 p. [in Russian].
  20. Vasiliev A. N. Takticheskie priemy – osnova sledstvennoi taktiki [Tactical techniques – basis of investigative tactics]. Sotsialisticheskaia zakonnost', 1974, no. 4, pp. 44-47 [in Russian].
  21. Problemy sudebnoi etiki. Zaitsev E. A., Kiselev Ia. S., Korenevskii Iu. V., Strogovich M. S.; pod red. M. S. Strogovicha [Zaitsev E. A., Kiselev Ya. S., Korenevsky Yu. V., Strogovich M. S. Problems of judicial ethics. Strogovich M. S. (Ed.)]. Moscow: Nauka, 1974, 272 p. [in Russian].
  22. Belkin R. S. Obshchaia teoriia sovetskoi kriminalistiki [General theory of Soviet criminalistics]. Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 1986, 398 p. [in Russian].
  23. Filippov A. G. Obshchie polozheniia kriminalisticheskoi taktiki i poriadok proizvodstva sledstvennykh deistvii [General provisions of forensic tactics and the procedure for the production of investigative actions]. In: Kriminalistika: uchebnik. Agafonov V. V., Burnashev N. A., Volkov E. A., Gazizov V. A., i dr.; pod red. Filippova A. G. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Agafonov V. V., Burnashev N. A., Volkov E. A., Gazizov V. A. et al.; Filippova A. G. (Ed.) Criminalistics: textbook. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged]. Moscow: Spark, 2004, 750 p. Available at: https://be5.biz/pravo/k013/17.html [in Russian].
  24. Yablokov N. P. Obshchie polozheniia kriminalisticheskoi taktiki [General provisions of forensic tactics]. In: Kriminalistika: uchebnik dlia studentov vuzov. Pod red. A. F. Volynskogo, V. P. Lavrova. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Volynsky A. F., Lavov V. P. (Eds.) Criminalistics: textbook for university students. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged]. Moscow: IuNITI-DANA: Zakon i pravo, 2012, 943 p. [in Russian].
  25. Koldin V. Ya. Takticheskii priem v sisteme kriminalisticheskoi deiatel'nosti [Tactical technique in the system of forensic activity]. In: Kriminalistika: uchebnik. Pod red. N. P. Yablokova [Yablokov N. P. (Ed.) Criminalistics: textbook]. Moscow: Iurist", 2001, 718 p. Available at: https://studfi le.net/preview/429708/page:59/ [in Russian].
  26. Zeleniskii V. D., Vlez’ko D. A., Golovin M. V., Gritsaev S. I. Osnovnye polozheniia sledstvennoi taktiki: monografiia [Zelenskii V. D., Vlez’ko D. A., Golovin M. V., Gritsaev S. I.; Zelenskii V. D. (Ed.) The main provisions of investigative tactics: monograph]. Krasnodar: KubGAU, 2011, 275 p. Available at: https://pravo.studio/taktika-kriminalisticheskaya/osnovnyie-polojeniya-sledstvennoy-taktiki.html [in Russian].
  27. Diev V. S. Ratsional'nye resheniia: kriterii, modeli, paradoksy [Rational solutions: criteria, models, paradoxes]. Voprosy Filosofi i, 2013, no. 8, pp. 4–12. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20184283 [in Russian].
  28. Lektorskii V. A. Ratsional'nost' kak tsennost' kul'tury [Rationality as a value of culture]. Voprosy Filosofii, 2012, no. 5, pp. 26–34. Available at: http://vphil.ru/index.php?id=527&option=com_content&task=view [in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2020 Sokolov A.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies