PROBLEMS OF LEGALIZING THE USE OF GENETIC TECHNOLOGIES AND CIRCADIAN PHYSIOLOGY DATA IN THE PROFESSIONAL SELECTION SYSTEM


Cite item

Abstract

The article poses the problem of the need to take into account various individual physiological and mental characteristics of a person when conducting professional selection in connection with the expansion of the scope of professional activity. It is considered possible and expedient to solve the problem from the perspective of an integrated approach based, inter alia, on modern DNA technologies that make it possible to draw up «genetic maps» of a person’s predisposition to a particular type of professional activity. In this regard, it is proposed to form an appropriate regulatory legal framework consisting of three main blocks that determine the legal regime of genetic information and scientific research in this area; principles and procedures for genetic passportization; professional standards, in established cases taking into account, in particular, the factor of this predisposition. The article considers the question of the role of biological rhythms in the structure of professional adaptation and the need to take them into account when forming a general conclusion about a person’s potential correspondence to a certain professional activity, which has not been covered in the doctrine. The conclusion is drawn on the need for further interdisciplinary research of the problem and optimization of the legal regulation of relations in the field of professional activity associated with the risk of circadian biological rhythm disturbances.

About the authors

V. D. Ruzanova

Department of Civil and Business Law, Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation

V. I. Belyakov

Department of Human and Animal Physiology, Samara National Research University

Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation

References

  1. Bukhtiyarov I. V., Zhbankova O. V., Yushkova O. I., Gusev V. B. Novye psikhofi ziologicheskie podkhody, primenyaemye pri profotbore kandidatov v opasnye professii [New psychophysiologic approaches applied in occupational selection of candidates for dangerous professions]. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya [Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology], 2019, no. 3, pp. 132–141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2019-3-132-141 [in Russian].
  2. Ledneva A. S. Geneticheskaya inzheneriya i pravo grazhdan na chastnuyu zhizn' [Genetic engineering and civilians law on private life]. Aktual'nyye problemy gumanitarnykh i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh nauk [Actual problems of the humanities and socio-economic sciences], 2015, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 112–115. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24414023 [in Russian].
  3. Rassolov I. M., Chubukova S. G. Vnutriotraslevye printsipy obrabotki geneticheskoy informatsii [Intrabranch principles of genetic information processing]. Aktual'nye problemy rossiyskogo prava [Actual Problems of Russian Law], 2019, no. 5 (102), pp. 98–110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17803/1994-1471.2019.102.5.098-110 [in Russian].
  4. Popova O. V. Geneticheskiy pasport cheloveka i vozmozhnosti ego polucheniya grazhdanami Rossii [Genetic passport of a person and the possibility of obtaining it by Russian citizens]. Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika [Law and State: The Theory and Practice], 2019, no. 7 (175), pp. 14–19. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=39525355 [in Russian].
  5. Veretenko M. Yu. «Genom cheloveka»: eticheskie riski i perspektivy biotekhnologii [«Human Genome»: ethical risks and prospects of biotechnologies]. Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovaniya [Humanities scientifi c researches], 2013, no. 12 (28), p. 31. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=21027497 [in Russian].
  6. Romanovskiy G. B. Pravovoe regulirovanie geneticheskikh issledovaniy v Rossii i za rubezhom [Legal regulation of genetic research in Russia and abroad]. Lex Russica, 2016, no. 7, pp. 94–103. Available at: https://lexrussica.msal.ru/jour/article/viewFile/125/126 [in Russian].
  7. Zandanova O. V., Korytova Ye. V. Kadrovyy otbor personala v organizatsii [The Specifi cs of Company Recruitment Procedure]. Nauka i biznes: puti razvitiya [Science and Business: Ways of Development], 2016, no. 4 (58), pp. 48–51. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26144390 [in Russian].
  8. Madalieva S. H., Yernazarova S. T., Suleimenova S. V., Belyavskaya V. I., Belyavskaya D. I. Profotbor: vyyavlenie professional'noy prigodnosti k meditsinskoy spetsial'nosti [Professional selection: identification of professional fitness for medical specialties]. Uspekhi sovremennogo
  9. estestvoznaniya [Advances in current natural sciences], 2015, no. 4, pp. 157–Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23944240 [in Russian].
  10. Shkrabak V. S., Serditov V. A., Ley An'. Profilaktika travmatizma professional'nym otborom kadrov [Injury prevention by professional selection of personnel]. In: Ekologiya. Risk. Bezopasnost': materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Pamyati professora, zaveduyushchego kafedroy Ekologiya i bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel'nosti Anatoliya Pavlovicha Kuz'mina: v 2 t Otv. red. S. K. Belyakin [Ecology. Risk. Safety: materials of the International research and practical conference. In memory of the professor, head of the Department of Ecology and Life Safety Anatoly Pavlovich Kuzmin: in 2 vols. S. K. Belyakin (Ed.)]. Kurgan: Izdatel'stvo Kurganskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2010, pp. 166–167. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30612675 [in Russian].
  11. Galitskaya M. V., Petrova-Sobol' T. I., Semenov I. P. Fiziologo-gigienicheskaya otsenka usloviy truda: ucheb.-metod. posobie [Physiological and hygienic assessment of working conditions: study guide]. Minsk: BGMU, 2009, 48 p. [in Russian].
  12. Ruzanova V. D., Inyushkin A. N. Napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya zakonodatel'stva v sfere tsirkadiannoy genetiki (opyt mezhdistsiplinarnogo issledovaniya) [Directions of perfection of the legislation in the area of circadian genetics (the experience of interdisciplinary research)]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Pravo [Herald of TvSU. Series: Law], 2019, no. 2 (58), pp. 118–129. Available at: http://eprints.tversu.ru/8808 [in Russian].
  13. Kuz'mina V. Ye., Belyakov V. I. Osnovy adaptologii: uchebnoe posobie. 2-e izd. [Fundamentals of adaptology: study guide. 2nd edition]. Samara: Izd-vo «Samarskiy universitet», 2013, 236 p. [in Russian].
  14. Puchkova A. N. Genetika sna i sutochnykh biologicheskikh ritmov cheloveka: sovremennye predstavleniya [Human Genetics of Sleep and Circadian Biological Rhythms: Recent Discoveries]. Nevrologiya i psikhiatriya. Spetsvypusk «Son i ego rasstroystva – 5» [Neurology and Psychiatry. Special Issue «Sleep and Its Disorders – 5»], 2014, pp. 14–23. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327552024_Genetika_sna_i_sutocnyh_biologiceskih_ritmov_celoveka_sovremennye_predstavlenia [in Russian].
  15. Khronobiologiya i khronomeditsina: monografi ya / pod red. S. M. Chibisova, S. I. Rapoporta, M. L. Blagonravova [Chronobiology and chronomedicine: monograph. S. M. Chibisov, S. I. Rapoport, M. L. Blagonravov (Eds.)]. Moscow: RUDN, 2018, 828 p. [in Russian].
  16. Rivera A. S., Akanbi M., O'Dwyer L. C., McHugh M. Shift work and long work hours and their association with chronic health conditions: A systematic review of systematic reviews with meta-analyses. PLoS One, 2020, no. 15 (4), pp. 1–19. Available at: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231037.
  17. Solonin Y. G., Boiko E. R., Loginova T. P., Ketkina O. A. Dinamika fiziologicheskikh i psikhofiziologicheskikh pokazateley u operatorov pri
  18. trekhsmennoy rabote v razlichnykh usloviyakh truda [The patterns of changes in physiological and psychophysiological indices in operators with a three-shift working day in different working conditions]. Fiziologiya cheloveka. [Human Physiology], 2011, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 384–DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0362119711030145 [in Russian].
  19. Zhanq R., Wang X., Ni L. et al. COVID-19: Melatonin as a potential adjuvant treatment. Life Sciences, 2020, no. 250, pp. 1–5. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117583.
  20. Onishchenko G. G., Rakitskiy V. N., Sinoda V. A., Trukhina G. M., Lutsenko L. A., Sukhova A. V. Sokhranenie zdorov'ya rabotnikov pri vnedrenii zdorov'e i resursosberegayushchey tekhnologii [The health
  21. maintenance of workers under implementation of healthand resource-saving technology]. Zdravookhranenie Rossiyskoy Federatsii [Health Care of the Russian Federation], 2015, no. 6, pp. 4–Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24834387 [in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2020 В. Д. Рузанова, В. И. Беляков

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies