Currently, the employment of persons sentenced to deprivation of liberty and released from it is a problematic issue due to a number of different circumstances. Existing penal enforcement legislation does not provide for a range of measures directly related to promote the employment of convicts in the postpenitentiary period. Although the decision of social problems arising in convicts after their release, including the search for work, need to be addressed at the final stage of deprivation of liberty. In the scientific literature there are a number of proposals for solving the above problems, but their implementation is not supported by a specialized legal foundation that has a systemic and strategic character. In this context, it seems appropriate to adopt an appropriate targeted programme at the federal level. On the positive side, be pointed out the prerequisites for the development of public-private partnerships in the penal correctional system, as well as a certain potential for its development. It is necessary to borrow the positive experience from some foreign countries, taking into account the specificities of the Russian legislation. The practice of organizing job fairs and the implementation of various models of communication with potential employers are of particular interest.

About the authors

I. A. Smirnov

Faculty of training of research and educational personnel, The Academy of Law Management of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation


  1. Resotsializatsiya i real’noe vklyuchenie v grazhdanskoe obshchestvo osuzhdennykh: monografiya. Pod red. T. V. Klenovoi [Resocialization and real inclusion of convicts in civil society: monograph. Klenova T. V. (Ed.)]. M.: Yurlitinform, 2019, 432 p. Available at: [in Russian].
  2. Leskova I. V., Zyazin S. Yu. Resotsializatsiya osuzhdennykh musul‘man v usloviyakh megapolisa: monografiya [Resocialization of convicted Muslims in the megapolis: monograph] M.: Izd-vo ANO NPTs «Al‘Vasatyya – umerennost‘», 2018, 336 p. [in Russian].
  3. Temaev T. V. Kontseptualizatsiya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskikh i demograficheskikh osnovanii realizatsii penitentsiarnogo resotsializatsionnogo potentsiala: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra sotsiol. nauk [Conceptualization of socio-economic and demographic bases of implementation of the penitentiary resocialization potential: author’s abstract of Doctor of Sociological Sciences’ thesis]. Saratov, 2017, 39 p. [in Russian].
  4. Popova Е. E. Obshchestvennoe vozdeistvie kak osnovnoe sredstvo ispravleniya osuzhdennykh: teoriya, zakonodatel’stvo, praktika: monografiya [Public impact as the main means of correction of convicts: theory, legislation, practice: monograph]. M.: Yurlitinform, 2019, 264 p. [in Russian].
  5. Prikaz Minyusta Rossii ot 13.01.2006 № 2 (red. ot 08.09.2006) «Ob utverzhdenii Instruktsii ob okazanii sodeistviya v trudovom i bytovom ustroistve, a takzhe okazanii pomoshchi osuzhdennym, osvobozhdaemym ot otbyvaniya nakazaniya v ispravitel’nykh uchrezhdeniyakh ugolovno-ispolnitel’noi sistemy» [Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation as of 13.01.2006 № 2 (revised 08.09.2006) «About the approval of the Instruction on rendering assistance in the labor and household device, and also rendering assistance to the convicts released from serving of punishment in correctional institutions of penal system»]. Retrieved from legal reference system «ConsultantPlus». Available at: [in Russian].
  6. Prikaz Minyusta Rossii ot 30.12.2005 № 262 (red. ot 21.07.2016) «Ob utverzhdenii Polozheniya o gruppe sotsial’noi zashchity osuzhdennykh ispravitel’nogo uchrezhdeniya ugolovno-ispolnitel’noi sistemy» [Order of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation as of 30.12.2005 № 262 (revised 21.07.2016) «On approval of the Regulations on the social protection team of convicts in correctional institutions of the penal system»]. Retrieved from legal reference system «ConsultantPlus». Available at: [in Russian].
  7. Nekrasov A. P. K probleme trudoustroistva byvshikh osuzhdennykh [On the problem of employment of exconvicts]. In: Penitentsiarnaya bezopasnost’: natsional’nye traditsii i zarubezhnyi opyt: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. 11–12 oktyabrya 2018 g. (g. Samara) [Penitentiary security: national traditions and foreign experience: proceedings of the international research and practical conference on October 11–12, 2018 (Samara)]. Samara: Samarskii yuridicheskii institut FSIN Rossii, 2018, 321 p. Available at: [in Russian].
  8. Latysheva L. A. Problemy resotsializatsii osuzhdennykh k lisheniyu svobody: ugolovno-ispolnitel’nyi i kriminologicheskii aspekty: dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Problems of resocialization of convicts to imprisonment: criminalexecutive and criminological aspects: author’s abstract of Candidate’s of Legal Sciences thesis]. Еkaterinburg, 2015, 269 p. Available at: problemy-resocializacii-osuzhdennyh-k-lisheniju-svobody-ugolovno--ispolnitelnyj-i.html [in Russian].
  9. Golodov P. V. Trudoustroistvo osuzhdennykh k nakazaniyam bez izolyatsii ot obshchestva i lits, osvobodivshikhsya iz mest lisheniya svobody: organizatsionno-pravovye aspekty [Employment of convicts sentenced without isolation from society and persons released from places of detention: organizational and legal aspects]. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta [Bulletin of the Kuzbass Institute], 2018, no. 4 (37), pp. 50–55. Available at: item.asp?id=36634923 [in Russian].
  10. Postanovlenie SF FS RF ot 25.07.2017 № 343-SF «Ob osobennostyakh otbyvaniya nakazaniya osuzhdennymi zhenshchinami, nesovershennoletnimi i invalidami v ispravitel’nykh uchrezhdeniyakh na territorii Rossiiskoi Federatsii» [Decree of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation as of 25.07.2017 № 343-SF «About features of serving of punishment by the condemned women, minors and people with disabilities in correctional institutions on the territory of the Russian Federation»]. Retrieved from legal reference system «ConsultantPlus». Available at: [in Russian].
  11. Dannye sudebnoi statistiki [The data of judicial statistics]. Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii: ofits. sait [Official website of the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation]. Available at: index.php?id=79 (accessed 15.04.2019) [in Russian].
  12. Zakonoproekt № 413712-7 O vnesenii izmenenii v Ugolovno-ispolnitel’nyi kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii (po voprosu rasshireniya vozmozhnostei privlecheniya k trudu i sozdaniya neobkhodimykh uslovii dlya organizatsii truda lits, osuzhdennykh k prinuditel’nym rabotam, a takzhe osuzhdennykh, otbyvayushchikh lishenie svobody v koloniyakh-poseleniyakh) [Draft law № 413712-7 On amendments being made to the Criminal Executive Code of the Russian Federation (on the issue of expanding possibilities of attracting to work and creating the necessary conditions for the organization of work of persons sentenced to forced labor, as well as convicts serving imprisonment in the settlement colony)]. Sistema obespecheniya zakonodatel’noi deyatel’nosti: ofits. sait [Official website of the System for ensuring of legislative activity]. Available at: bill/413712-7 (accessed 17.04.2019) [in Russian].
  13. Unlock Opportunity. Available at: https:// (accessed 12.04.2019) [in English].
  14. Employing prisoners and ex-offenders. Available at: unlock-opportunity-employer-information-pack-andcase-studies/employing-prisoners-and-ex-offenders (accessed 12.04.2019) [in English].
  15. The Mock Job Fair Handbook. Available at: fpi/mock_job_fair_c.pdf (accessed: 12.04.2019) [in English].
  16. Soloviev I. N. O nekotorykh voprosakh resotsializatsii osuzhdennykh, osvobozhdayushchikhsya iz ispravitel’nykh uchrezhdenii ugolovno-ispolnitel’noi sistemy [On some issues of the resocialization of convicts released from correctional institutions of the penitentiary system]. Yuridicheskaya nauki i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoi Akademii MVD Rossii [Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], 2018, no. 4 (44), pp. 285–288. doi: 10.24411/20785356-2018-10446.



Abstract: 594

PDF (Russian): 242



Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 И. А. Смирнов

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies