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Proving in criminal cases, deservedly recognized as the core of the criminal process, was the sphere of increased attention of Professor S.A. Sheifer. His well-argued views on the concept and significance of evidence, the purpose and content of evidence constitute a significant legacy of the science of the domestic criminal process, which deserves careful analysis by contemporaries and future generations of lawyers. In this article, S.A. Sakharov retains its topicality and development. In the last years of his life, Sheifer presented ideas about the essence of evidence, their properties, content and form, as well as elements of the process of proof, first of all collecting evidence and ways to implement it. Scientific judgments of Sheifer are especially valuable in that they are tested "for strength" in the conditions of competition of ideas in the theory of evidence, the permanent change in the criminal procedural legislation and the ongoing search for a model of the criminal process more appropriate to the modern era of Russian statehood.

About the authors

V. S. Shadrin

Department of Criminal Process and Criminalistics, Saint-Petersburg law institute (branch) of Federal Establishment of Higher Education «Academy of the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation»

Author for correspondence.
Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation


  1. Sheifer S.A. Poniatie dokazatel'stva kak predmet nauchnoi diskussii [Concept of evidence as the subject of scientifi c debate]. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriia «Pravo» [Herald of Omsk University. Series "Law"], 2008, no. 1(14), pp. 12–19 [in Russian].
  2. Zazhytsky V.N. Trudnosti predstavleniia rezul'tatov operativno-rozysknoi deiatel'nosti vlastnym uchastnikam ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva [Diffi culty of presenting the results of investigative activities of government participants in criminal proceedings]. Rossiiskaia iustitsiia [Russian Justitia], 2008, no. 2, pp. 47–52 [in Russian].
  3. Sheifer S.A. Sobiranie dokazatel'stv v sovetskom ugolovnom protsesse: metodologicheskie i pravovye problemy [Collection of proofs in the Soviet criminal process: methodological and legal problems]. Samara: Izdatel'stvo Samarskogo universiteta, 1986, 172 p. [in Russian].
  4. Sheifer S.A. Formirovanie dokazatel'stv po ugolovnomu delu – real'nost' dokazatel'stvennoi deiatel'nosti ili «nauchnaia fantaziia»? [Forming evidence in a criminal case –reality of the evidentiary activity or "scientifi c fantasy"?]. Rossiiskaia iustitsiia [Russian Justitia], 2009, no. 4, pp. 46–48 [in Russian].
  5. Sementsov V.A. Izbrannye stat'i po ugolovnomu protsessu [Selected articles in the criminal process]. Krasnodar: Prosveshchenie-Iug, 2013, 593 p. [in Russian].
  6. Shadrin V.S. Ugolovnoe dosudebnoe proizvodstvo: otvety na voprosy prokurorov i sledovatelei [Criminal pre-trial proceedings: answers to the questions of prosecutors and investigators]. SPb: Sankt-Peterburgskii iuridicheskii institut (fi lial) Akademii General'noi prokuratury Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 2009, 128 p. [in Russian].
  7. Sheifer S.A. Dokazatel'stva i dokazyvanie po ugolovnym delam: problemy teorii i pravovogo regulirovaniia [Evidences and proving in criminal cases: problems of theory and legal regulation]. M., 2008, 240 p. [in Russian].
  8. Sheifer S.A. Sledstvennye deistviia. Sistema i protsessual'naia forma [Investigative actions. System and procedural form]. M., 2001, 208 p. [in Russian].
  9. Sheifer S.A. Sledstvennye deistviia. Osnovaniia, protsessual'nyi poriadok i dokazatel'stvennoe znachenie [Investigative actions. Grounds, procedural order and evidentiary value]. M., 2004, 184 p. [in Russian].
  10. Shadrin V.S. Sovremennoe sostoianie i perspektivy reformirovaniia dosudebnogo proizvodstva v rossiiskom ugolovnom protsesse [Modern condition and perspectives of reforming pre-trial proceedings in the Russian criminal process]. Rossiiskii zhurnal pravovykh issledovanii [Russian journal of legal studies], 2014, no. 4(1), pp. 133–137 [in Russian].
  11. Sheifer S.A. Sobiranie dokazatel'stv po ugolovnomu delu: problemy zakonodatel'stva, teorii, praktiki [Collection of evidence in a criminal case: problems of legislation, theory, practice]. M., 2015, 112 p. [in Russian].
  12. Sheifer S.A. Sledstvennye deistviia – pravomerny li novye traktovki? [Investigative actions – whether new interpretations are lawful?]. Lex russica, 2015, no. 10, pp. 115–127 [in Russian].
  13. Lazareva V.A., Sheifer S.A. O poniatii dokazatel'stva v sviazi s
  14. osobennostiami doznaniia, provodimogo v sokrashchennoi forme [On the concept of evidence in connection with the specific inquiry conducted in reduced form]. Zakony Rossii: opyt, analiz, praktika [Laws of Russia:
  15. experience, analysis, practice], 2017, no. 5, pp. 16–21[in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2018 В. С. Шадрин

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