This article discusses various definitions of the concepts of metaphor and metaphorical model. The meaning of the somatic metaphor in sports discourse is analyzed. Subspecies of somatic metaphor - physiological metaphor, morbial metaphor and social metaphor are identified. Conclusions about similarities and differences of the English and Spanish sports discourses are made. A large number of metaphors are created in the areas of language functioning that are in the center of special public attention, and on issues that are debatable in society, such as politics, economics, ecology, etc.

Modern linguistic studies, interpreting metaphor as a mental and cognitive phenomenon, make it possible to speak about the universality of metaphor, its presence in the conceptual structures of human thinking.

The study used the methods of analysis and synthesis, the method of comparison. Work has been done on the study of somatic metaphors in English and Spanish; comparisons of physiological metaphors, morbial metaphors and social metaphors are made in the sports discourse of Spanish and English.

In the course of study, it was found out that the physiological metaphor is used both in English and in Spanish, but differs by objects of comparison, i.e. those with which parts of the body the association takes place. If in English sports discourse such parts of the body as head and face are the source of metaphorical images, in the Spanish version bones and muscles dominate.

Consequently, the widespread use of anthropomorphic metaphor in the texts of Hispanic media is not accidental. Possessing all these properties, sport functions as an organism. This gives grounds for highlighting the metaphoric model “SPORT-BODY”, within which we can say that the names of body parts can be a source of metaphors in sports discourse.

About the authors

Yu. A. Shekhovskaya

University of Tyumen

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

postgraduate student of the 2nd year of study, Department of the English Language

A. V. Peretyatko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

postgraduate student of the 2nd year of study, Department of Spanish Language


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