LAST HOPES OF "HAVE–BEENS": CORRESPONDENCE OF NOBLEMEN IN THE FIRST YEARS OF THE SOVIET POWER


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Abstract

Problems of the choice of a course of life, political, social and cultural self-
identification became main both for the certain personality, and for social groups, classes and estates as a result of the Great Russian revolution of 1917. They have found the reflection in personal correspondence and diaries, the subsequent memories of representatives of pre-revolutionary elite of events of the Great Russian revolution and civil war. The analysis of letters of arrested and convicts in the Political Red Cross (1918-1922), and also addresses of political and public figures, representatives of the creative intellectuals to their protection allows to track changes in policy of the Soviet power in relation to the nobility. During Civil war mass arrests of representatives of the nobility as "hostages" at deterioration of the situation on fronts of civil war have been carried out or after attempts at members of the government. Noble correspondence reflected the relation of a considerable part of the former exclusive estate to the new power, to sharp deterioration in material living conditions and change of the social status. The daily occurrence realities described in letters reflection of circumstances of arrest and a course of investigation allow to draw a conclusion that authorities were
afraid of any potential opposition.

About the authors

E. P. Barinova

Samara institute (branch) of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2017 Barinova E.P.

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