Competition of the private sector in the domestic space services market as a factor of scientific and technological development


Cite item

Abstract

The subject of the research is the system of economic relations in the processes of functioning of the rocket and space industry that arise between the private sector and the state customer during the implementation of space programs. The purpose of the research is to develop a model of interaction between participants in the domestic market of space services (products). The main problems of the existing state order system in the implementation of domestic space programs are highlighted. The analysis of the activities of space corporations in the international space market for 2000–2020 is carried out. The concepts of the international and domestic space market are revealed. This study offers a model for the development of economic relations between the private sector involved in the implementation of domestic space programs and the Customer, represented by the government of the Russian Federation. The presented model of interaction between participants of the domestic space technology market is aimed at creating competition in the domestic (domestic) market of space services (products) in contrast to the existing concept of distribution of budget funds allocated for space programs. The proposed mechanism for free investment of private funds in space programs will allow efficient allocation of funding for the development of the rocket and space industry. Public authorities responsible for the development of the rocket and space industry, as well as private and state-owned companies involved in the implementation of major innovative rocket and space projects, form the basis of public-private partnership. The current structure of interaction between research institutes and design bureaus in the implementation of space programs has not generated the desired competition in the domestic space market. The principal position of the proposed model of interaction in the implementation of space programs is the need to have in the domestic market, in addition to the state, customers from the private sector.

About the authors

Viktor N. Terentyev

Volga State University of Technology

Author for correspondence.
Email: vico-n-t@yandex.ru

post-graduate student of the Department of Economic Security

Russian Federation, 3, Lenin Square, Yoshkar-Ola

References

  1. On space activities, as amended and supplemented: Law of the Russian Federation of August 20, 1993 No. 5663-I. Moscow: Dom Sovetov Rossii, 1993. (In Russ.)
  2. On approval of the regulation on licensing space activities: Resolution of the Russian Federation of 22.02.12 No. 160. Moscow, 2012. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902331623. (In Russ.)
  3. Roscosmos compared their budget and NASA. TASS, 2020. Available at: https://tass.ru/
  4. ekonomika/(accessed 06.09.2020). (In Russ.)
  5. Euroconsult unveils countries' spending on space activities. Ecoruspace, 2020. Available at: https://www.ecoruspace.me/inews_14206.html (accessed 06.09.2020). (In Russ.)
  6. Makarova D.Yu., Khrustalev E.Yu. A conceptual analysis of the world and Russian rocket and space industries and markets. Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2015, no. 28 (247), pp. 11–27. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23846465. (In Russ.)
  7. Is Crew Dragon much better than Soyuz? Meduza, 2020. Available at: https://meduza.io/
  8. amp/feature/2020/06/05/crew-dragon-silno-luchshe-soyuza-roskosmos-teper-obankrotitsya-a-novye-rossiyskie-
  9. korabli-kogda-nibud-poletyat-na-mks (accessed 09.2020). (In Russ.)
  10. Makarova D.Yu. Development of private business in the rocket-and-space industry: trends and prospects. Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2015, vol. 14, issue 25, pp. 57–71. Available at: https://www.fin-izdat.ru/journal/analiz/detail.php?ID=66226. (In Russ.)
  11. Paison D.B. Public-private partnerships in space activities. Aerospace Instrument-Making, 2007, no. 12, pp. 48–51. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=12110708. (In Russ.)
  12. Sobolev L.B. Military and civil space. National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2017, vol. 13, issue 7, pp. 1200–1213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24891/ni.13.7.1200. (In Russ.)
  13. For the first time in Russia, a private company was admitted to the tender for a launch vehicle. RBC, 2020. Available at: https://www.rbc.ru/technology_and_media/22/09/2020/5f698b289a794724d3482c42 (accessed 26.09.2020). (In Russ.)
  14. Desyatov A., Parfenov V. Private projects - state interest. Rossiiskii kosmos, 2011, no. 10 (70), pp. 54–55. Available at: http://r-kosmos.ru/issue/70. (In Russ.)
  15. Chentsova M.V. Experience and Prospects of Interaction of Subjects of Innovative Economy (On the Example of State-private Partnership in the Space Industry). E-journal. Public Adinistration, 2014, no. 45. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/opyt-i-perspektivy-vzaimodeystviya-subektov-innovatsionnoy-ekonomiki-na-primere-gosudarstvenno-chastnogo-partnerstva-v-kosmicheskoy. (In Russ.)
  16. The Roscosmos service has found 22 criminal cases for investigators in two years. RBC, 2020.
  17. Available at: https://rbc-ru.turbopages.org/rbc.ru/s/politics/22/09/2020/5f649fa09a794780f22e62b(accessed 26.09.2020). (In Russ.)
  18. Kravchenko D.B., Baurov A.Yu. A public private partnership in the period of structural reforms of the space industry. St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University Journal. Economics, 2016, no. 3 (245),
  19. pp. 48–Available at: https://economy.spbstu.ru/userfiles/files/articles/2016/3/05_kravchenko_baurov.pdf.
  20. (In Russ.)
  21. Paison D.B. Competition in rocket and space industry: time for the responsible decisions. Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, 2014, no. 3 (354), pp. 2–11. Available at: https://www.fin-izdat.ru/journal/analiz/detail.php?ID=60160. (In Russ.)
  22. Rogozin named the reason for the small number of Russian space projects. RIA Novosti, 2020. Available at: https://ria.ru/20200807/1575477598.html. (accessed 06.09.2020).
  23. Paison D.B. Space industry «new» and «old2: lessons and prospects of joint development. National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2013, no. 16 (205), pp. 2–10. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/
  24. item.asp?id=(In Russ.)
  25. Paison D.B. Space industry «new» and «old»: lessons and prospects of joint development. National Interests: Priorities and Security, 2013, no. 16 (205), pp. 2–10. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/
  26. item.asp?id=(In Russ.)
  27. Jeff Bezos: ‘We Must Go Back to the Moon, and This Time to Stay’. The Wall Street Journal, 2020. Available at: https://www.wsj.com/articles/amazon-ceo-jeff-bezos-pledges-to-expand-his-space-ventures-1527349075 (accessed 06.09.2020).
  28. Euroconsult: official website. 2020. Available at: https://www.euroconsult-ec.com (accessed 06.09.2020).
  29. Sale Price Drives Potential Effects on DOD and Commercial Launch Providers. U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2017. Available at: https://www.gao.gov/assets/690/686613.pdf.

Copyright (c) 2020 Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies