FACILITIES, PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL OFFICIALS

D. Jerotijević, Z. Jerotijević

Аннотация


International organizations represent the creations of recent times and respond to the needs of the modern world. Achieving awareness of the need for international cooperation is conditioned by economic and technological development. Bilateral interstate relations, from occasional contact to permanent interchange by diplomatic envoys, could meet the needs of the times of moderate international exchange and poor means of ties. International organizations have a special significance for tackling the contradiction between the existence of a number of sovereign states and the demands of those human activities that have global or regional exchanges and seek for a basis broader than the territory of an individual state. The simplest definition of an international organization is that they are established by an international treaty, which is ratified in accordance with the constitution established by the Member States. In addition to rare exceptions, the creation of an international organization begins with convening a conference of proxies of states, where the status of the organization is signed after the negotiations have been completed. Such conferences can precede a period in which countries agree on the important issues of a future organization. These can be raised through diplomatic channels, or negotiations at one or more previous meetings with the participation of all or some of future founders of the organization. The privileges and immunities of international organizations themselves, as subjects of international law, include the following forms: immunity from jurisdiction, inviolability of premises and archives, fiscal and currency privileges, freedom of communication.


Ключ. слова


international organization, cooperation, states, diplomacy, privileges.

Полный текст:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18287/2542-047X-2018-4-1-47-53

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